Recently updated Red List analysis from International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) indicates that 316 types of sharks, rays, skates and chimeras, currently considered endangered, many are the direct result of overfishing of meat, fins and fat. These species belong to the class Chondrichthyes, which means what they have a flexible cartilage framework instead of bone.
Four kinds of hammerhead sharks and angels, all of which are either Endangered or Critically Endangered are also endangered, making them one of the most threatened shark families in the world.
Preliminary analysis from the organization MOTION concluded that the total number of participants in the global shark meat trade was fairly stable between 2008 and 2011, and then increased in 2012-2017. However, the serious lack of reporting and data collection on species caught and traded obscures major trends in shark populations.
“Outside, stable annual catches give the false impression that everything is in order, but in reality, they can mask the successive depletion of species – once one is caught, the industry simply targets the next, so one by one they disappear,” said the senior adviser TRAFFIC Fisheries and Vice Chair of the IUCN Shark Specialist Team Glenn Sant. statement.
“Fisheries need to take better data collection and reporting seriously. How can you control something if you don’t know what’s going on below the surface, ”Sant continued.
During COVID-19 pandemic, there is an increase poaching for sharks and rays, although monitoring levels have decreased due to social distancing requirements.
“This could be a recipe for disaster when combined with the already limited monitoring and control of these species,” Sant concluded.
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Hundreds of shark and ray species now endangered according to the IUCN Red List update first appeared in World Animal News.
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