Toads and frogs are amphibians, which means they have common traits, for example, they spend at least part of their life in water or some humid place, and they usually do not have tails, scales, and claws on their feet. Both are members of the Anur squad. Anura is a Greek word that means tailless, although there are frogs that appear to have tails.
After that, what distinguishes a frog from a toad remains surprisingly uncertain. Indeed, there is no real difference for scientists. There are between 2,000 and 7,100 species of frogs and toads, and although all toads are frogs, usually not all frogs are. Differences are resolved in the so-called folk taxonomy.
According to popular taxonomy, frogs keep near bodies of water or humid places, and toads can be found even in deserts. The skin of toads is usually warty or rough, while the skin of frogs is smooth and often slimy. Toads tend to squat and cannot jump as well as frogs, which often have long hind legs designed for jumping. Toads have larger eyes too. In general, frogs are longer than toads, and the largest frog in the world is the goliath frog, which can grow up to 30 centimeters in length. In contrast, the world’s largest toad is the cane toad, which can grow up to 9.4 inches.
Comparison of toad and frog
|Leather||rough, warty||smooth, slimy|
|Body||wide squat||longer and slimmer|
|Habitat||Dry land||Aquatic, mainly|
|tadpoles||Squats, short||Long, slender|
|Legs||Shorter||Longer than head and body|
|Teeth||No one||The teeth of the upper jaw are usually|
Six key differences between toads and frogs
Six differences between Toad and Frog:
1. Toad versus frog: skin
Toads have drier and coarser skin and “warts” covering the parotid glands. These are glands in the skin of animals that secrete bufotoxins to ward off predators. Warts are not actual warts caused by viruses, but simply part of the physiology of a healthy toad. Frogs’ skin is smoother and may be slimy. Because their skin needs to stay moist, frogs try to stay close to the water.
2. Toad vs frog: legs
The frog’s legs are much longer than that of the toad, and may even be longer than the frog’s body. This allows them to jump long distances and swim quickly. The hind legs of the toad are usually shorter than the body, which makes them look squat and thick. To get around, they crawl or make small jumps. Sometimes the toad just walks. Some frogs are known to walk too.
3. Toad versus frog: eggs
The fact that frogs and toads need a body of water or a humid place to mate and lay eggs is one of their similarities. However, humans can distinguish frog eggs from frog eggs because frog eggs are laid in the water in groups, and toad eggs are laid in long ribbons that can sometimes become entangled in aquatic plants. Frog eggs are called frog roe, and toad eggs are called toad roe.
4. Toad versus frog: color
Frogs tend to come in a variety of colors than toads. The most brightly colored frogs are the poisonous arrow frogs from South America. The bad news is that their amazing colors let would-be predators know that they are extremely poisonous. The beautiful golden poison frog has enough venom in its skin to kill 10 to 20 adult males. But the poisonous skin of the rather gray-looking common toad can also be fatal if eaten or even processed without precautions. Poisonous skin is another similarity found in toads and frogs.
5. Toad versus frog: habitat
Frogs mainly live in water, although most of them have lungs and can leave the water for a while. Toads live on land and return to the water to breed.
6. Toad versus frog: tadpoles
Like their parents, frogs and toads have different tadpoles. Frog tadpoles are longer and thinner than toad tadpoles, which are generally short and stout. Toad tadpoles are black, and frog tadpoles are covered with gold spots.
Toad vs Frog: Frequently Asked Questions with Six Key Differences Explained (Frequently Asked Questions)
Why is a frog not a toad?
A frog is usually not a toad because it has longer legs for jumping and swimming, smooth skin, a sharp snout, and needs to live close to water to keep its skin from drying out.
Is a toad bigger than a frog?
Not necessary. The toad can be larger, smaller, or the same size as the frog. It depends on the species.
What is a poisonous toad or frog?
Both frogs and toads can be poisonous, with poisonous dart frogs being the most poisonous of all. Just a gram of toxin from the skin of a golden poisonous dart frog can kill a small city full of people.
Can a frog and a toad mate?
Since toads are frogs anyway, it is logical to assume that interspecific reproduction may occur from time to time. But toads and frogs are very picky about who they breed with and where they will breed. Toads, for example, love to return to their ancestral pond to breed, even if that puts them at risk of mating with their own siblings. Moreover, the calls of male frogs and toads are only intended to attract females of the same species.
However, scientists have noticed that one species of shovel-footed toad will mate with another species of shovel-footed toad if difficult circumstances arise, such as too little water in the pond to reproduce. The offspring are often sterile or do not produce as many eggs as their parents, and this happens even if the toads belong to the same family. Reed toad, Rinella Marina and the African bullfrog, Pyxicephalus adspersusprobably won’t produce offspring at all. Indeed, these two species can try to kill and eat each other.