The rainforest, whether tropical or temperate, is described as a mostly evergreen forest that receives 80 to 400 inches of rain per year. The variety of plants and animals is breathtaking, although these forests cover only 6 percent of the earth’s surface. Animals and plants are constantly being discovered, and at the same time, many forms of life in the rainforest are threatened with extinction due to human activities. This article lists 13 of the most incredible rainforest animals.
No. 13. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Chrysina aurigans
Found in the Costa Rican rainforest, this scarab beetle shimmers like a nugget of gold. But the beetle’s durable exoskeleton is not made of gold, but of chitin – the same material that makes up the shell of an offended cockroach. Like blue in the wings of a butterfly or a bird’s feather Chrysina aurigans’ the shimmering golden color is a trick of light to help hide it from predators. This amazing beetle is 0.63 to 1.375 inches long. Another beetle Chrysina limbata almost identical but shimmery silver.
No. 12. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Red Stripe Mix
Native to the rainforest of Central and South America, this butterfly is medium sized for a butterfly with a wingspan of 2.25 to 2.35 inches. It compensates for its size with fantastic coloring. It is mostly black, but has bright red stripes on the front wings and blue-gray spots that extend from the base of the front wings to the top of the hind wings. The hair on the body of the insect is also bluish-gray, and the underside of the hind wings has red spots at the base. Antennae are long, white, ending in bulbs.
No. 11. Incredible rainforest animals: Madagascar moth
With a wingspan of 3.25 to 4 inches, this large butterfly is considered the most spectacular butterfly in the world. Once he was mistaken for a butterfly, and he really flies during the day and resembles a dovetail, but has a strong and fluffy body, reminiscent of moths. Its wings are adorned with iridescent hues of black, green, blue, orange and yellow. Like Chrysina aurigans, its colors are mainly caused by optical illusion, not pigment. The moth, endemic to Madagascar, feeds exclusively on Omphalea a plant that is poisonous and transfers its toxins to caterpillars and then to adult butterflies.
No. 10. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Darwin’s Bark Spider
This spider, also from Madagascar, would have made Shelob think. Not because of the size of the spider itself, which females are 0.7 to 0.9 inches in length and the males are much smaller, but because of the size and strength of its web. The spider’s silk is harder than Kevlar, and its globular webs can be up to 30 square feet in diameter. The bridge lines, which are the backbone of the web, can be up to 82 feet in length. The spider deftly weaves this web over bodies of water, thereby using areas that other spiders avoid. Insects that hatch from the water, such as mayflies, simply fly into it.
The spider itself is kind of typical. Females are black with white hairs, while males are brown and red with similarly white patches. Discovered only in 2009, Darwin’s coral spider is found in Andasibe-Mantadia National Park.
No. 9. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Limnonectes larvaepartus
Found in the Sulawesi rainforest, this fanged frog gives birth to live tadpoles. This is the only frog in the world that does this. Most frogs lay eggs or give birth to tiny frogs, but for some reason, this frog’s eggs hatch inside the mother’s body and appear as tadpoles. Scientists assume that fertilization is internal, but have no idea how it happens.
Limnonectes larvaepartus slightly over an inch in length from muzzle to projection, brown and gray with pale belly. It lives near fast streams under rocks or vegetation.
No. 8. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Dart Frog
These frogs, members Dendrobatidae families found in the rainforests of Central and South America. Vividly colored, they come in vibrant shades of blue, red, yellow and orange. Some of them, such as the golden poison dart frog, are so toxic that it is even dangerous to handle them, while others are practically non-toxic. Many species of these small frogs are endangered due to habitat destruction.
Several species of poisonous frogs are also known for their unusual reproductive strategies. When their tadpoles hatch, they carry them, one at a time, on their backs, to the forest canopy. There they throw the tadpoles into the water in a “tank” with bromeliads growing on trees. The mother even lays a few sterile eggs in the water for the tadpoles to eat.
No. 7. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Calabar Land Python
This small python, which grows to only 3 feet in length, is native to the rainforests of West and Central Africa. This is the only member Calabaria genus. This is a burrowing snake that searches underground and in fallen leaves in search of prey, mainly small rodents. Python is not afraid to wait for the mother rodent to leave the den, and then slip inside and eat the cubs.
The Calabar land python is docile and non-venomous, and when threatened, it simply curls up into a ball and freezes. Its body is covered with smooth scales, it has a blunt head and a short tail. What’s interesting about this python is that when moving, it keeps its head down, raises and wiggles its tail. This can trick would-be predators into thinking that its backend is its appearance.
No. 6. Incredible animals of the rainforest: African crocodile with a thin snout
This crocodile lives in freshwater or brackish bodies of water flowing through the tropical forests of Central Africa. It is a small crocodile that usually grows no more than 13 feet, with males being larger than females. Like other crocodiles, it has shields on its skin, but it can be distinguished from its congeners by its long and thin muzzle. Like all crocodiles, it lays eggs, and the temperature of the incubation material determines the sex of the hatched chicks.
No. 5. Incredible rainforest animals: rhinoceros
This sturdy bird is the national bird of Malaysia and the state bird of Sarawak and is found in Indonesia and southern Thailand. It is one of the largest hornbill species and is notable for its huge helmet on top of its head. The hat is almost the same length as the bird’s beak and is orange or red in color. The rest of the bird is mostly black, although a white tail and rump can be seen during flight. Birds are 31 to 35 inches long, and males are larger than females.
The reproductive strategy of the rhino-rhinoceros is interesting. At some point, the female and chicks are walled up with a wall in the hollow of a tree by the male. There is only a hole large enough for the male to feed the female and she can relieve herself. When the chicks are ready to fly, the parents break a wall made of mud to release them outside.
No. 4. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Roosevelt’s Elk
Roosevelt Elk is the largest elk in North America and is found in temperate rainforests in the Pacific Northwest, including the Olympic National Park.
This large deer can grow up to 10 feet in length, reach 5.6 feet in height at the shoulders, and weigh between 700 and 1,100 pounds. The cows are smaller and lighter. In summer, moose feeds on grass and sedge, and in winter, berries, young conifers such as Douglas fir, and mushrooms such as mushrooms and lichens.
Number 3. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Venus Rat
This small rodent, with a body length of 4.25 to 5 inches and a tail of about the same length, lives in the rainforests of Mexico and Central America. It lives colonially in trees in nests of leaves, twigs and other vegetation. His big toe looks like an opposed big toe and helps him grab onto branches. Its upper part is pinkish-brown, dark fur on the back, and white belly. This night rat eats figs and avocados.
No. 2. Incredible Rainforest Animals: Slow Loris
The slow loris is a primate that lives in the rainforests of southern and southeast Asia. It differs from almost all other primates in its slow and leisurely movements. It has a round head, short ears and huge eyes, and its fur ranges from reddish brown to grayish brown. It has a brown stripe that runs from the top of its head to its back or tail. His opposed toes, grippy feet, and binocular vision have evolved to match his life in the trees.
# 1. Incredible animals of the rainforest: Margai
Margai is one of the smallest wild cats found in the rainforests of southern Mexico, Central America and much of South America. In a lonely cat that lives in trees, its hind legs can rotate 180 degrees, like a squirrel. This allows the margai to descend the tree trunks head first. Its fur is full of dark spots with light centers like its ocelot cousin, but it differs from the ocelot in that it is smaller in size and has a much longer tail compared to its body. Its body length is 21 to 31 inches and its weight is 3.5 to 8.25 pounds.
Next Up: Top 9 Animals That Hide Underground